Social Sanction Ditinggian Janjang Against Violation of Traditional Law in Koto Gadang Preparation Nagari, Baso District, Agam Regency

  • Ulfia Hasanah Law Faculty, University of Riau Pattimura Street Number 9, Gobah, Pekanbaru
  • Latifah Alkhairiyah Student of Law Faculty, University of Riau Pattimura Street Number 9, Gobah, Pekanbaru
  • Susilawati Susilawati Student of Law Faculty, University of Riau Pattimura Street Number 9, Gobah, Pekanbaru
  • Sabrena Sukma Universitas Riau

Abstract

Based on research data, it is found that many teenagers in Indonesia have had sex before marriage. This behavior is not by the norms that apply in Indonesia, and of course, this deviant behavior will cause new problems in society. In Nagari Preparation Koto Gadang, West Sumatra, a social sanction was imposed on community members who violated Adat. This sanction is known as the social sanction "Ditinggian Janjang." But, it is not yet known how applying this sanction in the community can reduce the number of violations committed by the community, one of which is promiscuity. This study aims to determine the application and role of social sanctions in Ditinggi Janjang. The author's research method is sociological-normative with bibliographic sources and observes the characteristics of a community's behavior in an area in an aspect of social life, observation, interviews, and documentation. Based on the study results, it can be seen that the application of social sanctions is applied to the entire community. The role of ditinggan janjang’s social sanctions is to prevent and solve various problems, especially those related to free sex in the community, in preparation for Nagari Persiapan Koto Gadang, Baso District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra Province.

Keywords: Customary Law; Violators; Social Sanctions; Nagari  

Based on research data, it is found that many teenagers in Indonesia have had sex before marriage. This behavior is not by the norms that apply in Indonesia, and of course, this deviant behavior will cause new problems in society. In Nagari Preparation Koto Gadang, West Sumatra, a social sanction was imposed on community members who violated Adat. This sanction is known as the social sanction "Ditinggian Janjang." But, it is not yet known how applying this sanction in the community can reduce the number of violations committed by the community, one of which is promiscuity. This study aims to determine the application and role of social sanctions in Ditinggi Janjang. The author's research method is sociological-normative with bibliographic sources and observes the characteristics of a community's behavior in an area in an aspect of social life, observation, interviews, and documentation. Based on the study results, it can be seen that the application of social sanctions is applied to the entire community. The role of ditinggan janjang’s social sanctions is to prevent and solve various problems, especially those related to free sex in the community, in preparation for Nagari Persiapan Koto Gadang, Baso District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra Province.

References

Book
Anis, Ahmad. (1997). Pengantar Hukum Indonesia (PHI). Bukittinggi: CV. Pustaka Indonesia.
Asnan, Lord. (2003). Kamus Sejarah Minangkabau . Padang: PPIM.
Febrina, Yossi. (2011). " Perkawinan Satu Suku di Nagari Jawi-jawi Sumatra Barat Ditinjau dari Hukum Islam " . Essay. Faculty of Sharia and Law, Akhwal Al-Syakhsiyah, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta.
Ishaq. 2018. Introduction to Indonesian Law (IIL). Depok : PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Journal articles
Arliman, Laurensius, (2018), Hukum Adat Di Indonesia Dalam Pandangan Para Ahli Dan Konsep Pemberlakuannya di Indonesia, Selat Journal, Volume. 5 Number. 2
Alfadrian. (2019). " Eksistensi Hukum Adat Minangkabau dalam Penerapan Sanksi Denda Terhadap Pelaku Zina di Nagari Limo Kaum Kecamatan Lima Kaum". Journal of JOM Faculty of Law, University of Riau. Vol. VI. Issue 1.
Dida, Susanne, Syauqy Lukman, Sukarno, Feliza Herison, Centurion Chandratama Priyatna, Arif Rifqi Zaidan, and Titut Yuli Prihyugiarto. (2019). “Pemetaan Prilaku Penggunaan Media Informasi Dalam Mengakses Informasi Kesehatan Reproduksi di Kalangan Pelajar di Jawa Barat”. Journal Keluarga Berencana. Vol. IV. No. 2.
K., Sudibya, DG, & Karma, NMS (2021). Sanksi Kasepekang Dalam Hukum Adat Bali. KERTHA WICAKSANA: Lecturer and Student Communication Facility. 15(1). PP 72-79. https:// doi.org/10.22225/kw.15.1.2819.72-79
Siti Suhaida, Jamaluddin Hos, Ambo Upe. (2018). “Pergaulan Bebas di Kalangan Pelajar”. Neo Societal Journal, Vol. III Number 2, Sukadana, I.

World Wide Web
Giovani Dio Prasasti, Research: 33 Percent of Indonesian Teens Have Penetrated Sex Before Marriage, https://www.liputan6.com/health/read/4016841/riset-33-persen-remaja-indonesia-do-relax-sex-penetration-beforemarriage# Accessed on February 2, 2021 at 09.16 WIB
Indonesian health policy. 2019. BKKBN: Free Sex is Now the Main Problem of Indonesian Teenagers, https://policykesehatanindonesia.net/25-berita/berita/859-bkkbn-seks-bebas-kini-problem-utama-remaja%20indonesia Accessed on February 03, 2021 At 10.00 WIB
Published
2021-10-28