Juridical-Empirical Overview of Prisoners' Guidance Model During the Covid 19 Pandemic in Class IIA Correctional Institution Sumbawa Besar

  • Ashari Ashari Institute of Social and Cultural Sciences Samawa Rea
  • Geatriana Dewi Institute of Social and Cultural Sciences Samawa Rea
Keywords: Prisoners, Covid 19, Correctional Institutions


Sumbawa Besar Institution Class II A Correctional System in April 2021 has been inhabited by 558 prison inmates assisted whose capacity ideal should be 250 inmates. For this reason, it is predicted that the number of inmates will continue to increase in the next few years, excess capacity tends to negative implications for the inmates, for example the low level of supervision. In managing prisons, it is necessary to pay attention to factors that worsen conditions in prisons, including: excess inmates, poor prison conditions, riots among prisoners and others. This condition is made worse by the occurrence of a Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) which has spread and caused an increasing number of victims losses in Indonesia. It was found that the social reintegration development model carried out in class II A Sumbawa prisons is guided by the two Decrees of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. In the prison, circulation of visitors is limited in order to prevent the spread of the virus. Spiritual cleansing activity is no longer uses preachers from the Ministry of Religion but rather maximizes religious assistants taken from Class II A Sumbawa Correctional Institution employees, as well as agricultural, workshop and carpentry activities that no longer involve third parties.


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Laws and regulations

Law Number 12 of 1995 about Correctional.
Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Number 12 of 2020 concerning the Determination of Disasters Non-Natural Spreading Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) as a National Disaster
Decree of the Minister of Law and Human Rights No. 19 PK.01.04 of 2020 concerning the Release and Release of Child Prisoners Through Assimilation and Integration in the Context Prevention and Control of the Spread of Covid-19
Minister of Law and Human Rights Regulation No. 10 of 2020 concerning Conditions for Providing Assimilation and Integration Rights for Prisoners and Children in the Context of Preventing and Overcoming the Spread of Covid-19